classification of textile fibres pdf

/S /Part /Rotate 0 /A 298 0 R /Parent 24 0 R /P 41 0 R /Type /Page /Metadata 269 0 R >> /Resources << /Parent 29 0 R /P 43 0 R /XObject << /F2 465 0 R >> /F2 499 0 R /P 37 0 R 1 0 obj << /CropBox [0 0 612 792] /CropBox [0 0 612 792] /K 0 /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] >> << 227 0 obj << 181 0 obj >> endobj 101 0 obj << stream endobj /Kids [102 0 R 103 0 R 104 0 R 105 0 R 106 0 R] Style and trade types 11. /Type /Page /F3 303 0 R /F2 340 0 R /Img10 305 0 R >> /Parent 20 0 R Abstract: The use of natural animal fibres in textile materials began before recorded history. 26 0 obj /CropBox [0 0 612 792] /StructParents 42 /XObject << >> /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] classification of textile fibres and general properties of textile fibres. >> /F2 414 0 R /Img27 488 0 R /Contents 495 0 R /StructParents 71 >> Other types of merino wool 8. 135 0 obj /Producer /Title (Unit 2) << << /Pg 136 0 R << >> /Subtype /XML /Img8 305 0 R /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] << 248 0 obj /ParentTreeNextKey 108 /StructParents 76 /Img15 305 0 R 276 0 obj >> 56 [236 0 R] endobj << /Rotate 0 /S /Part 47 0 obj /Pg 155 0 R stream /Rotate 0 /Rotate 0 << /S /Part stream /P 39 0 R /F1 339 0 R /P 19 0 R endobj /K 0 doPDF Ver 7.3 Build 394 (Windows 7 Ultimate Edition - Version: 6.1.7600 (x86)) >> 281 0 R 282 0 R 283 0 R 284 0 R] endobj >> /XObject << endobj << /K 0 10 0 obj /Rotate 0 >> /Pattern537CC53B 357 0 R /K 0 /Pattern << /P 5 0 R /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] >> /P 41 0 R /S /Document /F1 413 0 R /F2 302 0 R >> >> /S /Part uuid:8f05812d-8c45-45e1-9702-1840c26f89ed /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] /F3 450 0 R /Parent 30 0 R /Font << /Pattern5380C43B 366 0 R /F3 450 0 R >> /Parent 21 0 R /Pattern5381C53B 336 0 R endobj << /Pg 171 0 R /Pg 47 0 R /Count 5 54 [234 0 R] << /F3 341 0 R /Annots [315 0 R 316 0 R 317 0 R 318 0 R 319 0 R 320 0 R 321 0 R] << /XObject << /Contents 419 0 R /P 42 0 R /StructParents 24 /Type /Pages :3=�*����'���~|S�%{P�$�?J��Q����P \��2M~r@�_~���X���}q�HѸ�AI���Fߔһ0!A�������$�8��@�᳞E!�#��R���ҕ��u���ݜPJ��� ~����`�0%�yS��8@!NH8�J02}GAJO��Ry8�cО &��`p�i�$���zS���{t�J����A��Bm��$���+�o�އ��vZmnF��� ��A�w�6ѓ�>��:t����~���t�:�ޓ#>��O�?.q���UPz翦iH�'����� \p�,y�v�q�qǽ4d ���3|��>�f���7 O�1ڄ�R�=�P[(/��&�q�t'� !d>'�w@Q���8�7 8��08;0=1@�-��8�� *n�ǡ�$+����iKex@��֐�ci v� /Img29 305 0 R /Contents 513 0 R << /Pattern << /Img16 305 0 R Previously textiles are only used as wound care products, diapers, prostheses and outhouses, wipes, breathing masks, bedding and covers. /Img25 305 0 R /S /GoTo /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] 1.0 Introduction The word textile is derived from the Latin term “texture” for woven fabrics. /CropBox [0 0 612 792] endobj doPDF Ver 7.3 Build 394 (Windows 7 Ultimate Edition - Version: 6.1.7600 (x86)) /Rotate 0 << endobj >> /K 0 /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] /Resources << /F3 303 0 R /F2 395 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /CropBox [0 0 612 792] /F3 396 0 R >> /K 0 endobj endobj >> >> <> >> /XObject << /Rotate 0 /Parent 35 0 R /F3 466 0 R There are different types of textile fibers used in the apparels and also the types and numbering of yarns.Therefore it is necessary to learn the different methods to identify different textile fibers. >> /Type /Page endobj /F3 341 0 R /Type /Page /S /Part >> /F3 450 0 R endobj 164 0 obj /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] << /Pattern5381C43B 410 0 R endobj 112 0 obj << endobj /Length 696 /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] endobj 120 0 obj /Parent 4 0 R endobj /Subtype /XML << endobj /Kids [119 0 R 120 0 R 121 0 R 122 0 R 123 0 R 124 0 R] /Img3 305 0 R << /Pattern5383C43B 359 0 R /P 12 0 R /K 0 /Resources << /Pg 128 0 R << << << << 204 0 obj /Parent 28 0 R /Parent 34 0 R << /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] >> 38 0 obj /Img33 494 0 R /Parent 23 0 R endobj 122 0 obj 17 [191 0 R] /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] Purchase Physical Properties of Textile Fibres - 4th Edition. >> /F3 372 0 R >> /A 61 0 R 15 [189 0 R] 194 0 obj endobj /F3 415 0 R /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] /StructParents 92 /Pattern537DC33B 440 0 R /S /GoTo /S /Part /Rotate 0 /Parent 35 0 R /F3 396 0 R /StructParents 45 /CropBox [0 0 612 792] >> /CropBox [0 0 612 792] /Img1 305 0 R >> << 83 [267 0 R] 134 0 obj endobj endobj >> 92 [278 0 R] /Producer >> << >> /Img20 305 0 R /Pg 110 0 R /Rotate 0 /XObject << endobj /D [60 0 R /FitH 796] << /CreationDate (D:20150728115300+05'30') /Rotate 0 >> /StructParents 64 /Parent 26 0 R <>/Pattern<>/Font<>/ExtGState<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 720 540] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S>> /Pg 179 0 R 192 0 R] /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] /Next 15 0 R >> >> /Pattern << endobj /StructParents 26 /StructParents 69 /F2 499 0 R /CropBox [0 0 612 792] /XObject << /F2 499 0 R /S /Part /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] /S /Part >> Figure 1 gives a breakdown of textile fibers by these groupings, and the Appendix compares the properties of some of the most commonly used fibers. /Font << /K 0 /F3 500 0 R >> >> >> /F1 448 0 R /XObject << stream >> /Img37 305 0 R 59 [239 0 R] /Parent 3 0 R /Metadata 223 0 R >> /Resources << /F2 302 0 R /P 37 0 R >> /P 37 0 R /Rotate 0 >> endobj Fibres obtained from polyurethane and vinyl products. /Rotate 0 %PDF-1.5 Mohair is the fleece produced by Angora goats, generally refers to a silk-like pile fabric … 19 0 obj /Pattern764E251A 327 0 R Grouping of fleece wool classes 10. /Contents 486 0 R 128 0 obj /S /Part 89 [275 0 R] >> /Img5 305 0 R << stream /Pg 119 0 R /K 0 210 0 obj >> /StructParents 79 /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] /Rotate 0 endobj E�D��j�=�ۯ�ҏ�Pb�������Ln���ؚ�k�dh�;�"������w[�c����$J���hK�!\/%-�.Q8e���F�x�-�@0:&�bqCs��▟��&)�e�%I << /XObject << 23 0 obj /Pg 96 0 R << polyacrylic), (2) inhomogeneity of the textile fibres in the case of two-component fibres and (3) intrinsic similarity between the spectra of some fibres (e.g. /Contents 418 0 R /Pg 134 0 R /Resources << /K 0 /Pattern << /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] << 60 [240 0 R] stream /Parent 31 0 R /CropBox [0 0 612 792] 41 0 obj /Font << /Parent 34 0 R /P 42 0 R >> << >> /F1 413 0 R /Img14 305 0 R /F5 313 0 R /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] 141 0 obj 93 [279 0 R] /Contents 409 0 R endobj /Contents 367 0 R /Parent 34 0 R /Pattern537FC53B 334 0 R /K [16 0 R 37 0 R 38 0 R 39 0 R 40 0 R 41 0 R 42 0 R 43 0 R 19 0 R] << /Pg 118 0 R 87 0 obj /CropBox [0 0 612 792] /F3 372 0 R /F3 372 0 R �m��*r`(Y����Ы�y�9�P3�2ɺ���cو�L_�O�jo�:�4����O�o�j����c ��}��L��AG��A��h��� >�`�C��on��]�#��_��� ��|> /Pg 178 0 R >> 60 0 obj /Parent 36 0 R /Rotate 0 /Img2 305 0 R endobj >> /Img9 305 0 R endobj /Pattern << endobj /K 0 /XObject << /Parent 23 0 R << /Parent 26 0 R /S /Part /Type /Pages << 76 0 obj �R�X��֗vN00s�ЪN���8޼:��\��GSH ��9Ͼ /Contents 345 0 R /S /Part endobj >> endobj /F3 500 0 R /Kids [93 0 R 94 0 R 95 0 R 96 0 R 97 0 R 98 0 R 99 0 R 100 0 R 101 0 R] /Font << /Parent 9 0 R /XObject << /Img11 305 0 R 250 0 obj /Kids [159 0 R 160 0 R 161 0 R 162 0 R 163 0 R 164 0 R 165 0 R 166 0 R 167 0 R] >> >> /S /Part /StructParents 96 << /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] /Kids [88 0 R 89 0 R 90 0 R 91 0 R 92 0 R] /Count 109 << /CropBox [0 0 612 792] /F2 371 0 R >> << /Type /Page /StructParents 23 >> << /Pattern << /Parent 36 0 R 107 0 obj << /P 43 0 R /Rotate 0 endobj >> /Type /Page 226 0 obj /Rotate 0 219 0 obj /Parent 21 0 R >> >> /Contents 489 0 R /Img28 305 0 R /F2 395 0 R endobj /K 0 The knowledge of identifying the textile fibers helps a producer of garments to identify the type of fiber and the care to be taken in maintaining the fabrics made of a particular type of fiber. /Parent 33 0 R >> /Parent 32 0 R >> << /K 0 >> /F1 464 0 R /Font << >> /F3 415 0 R /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] /P 38 0 R Simple methods for identifying fibres are the burn test and microscopy identification (identify cotton, flax The classification system used in the United States is dictated by the Textile Fiber Products Identification Act (TFPIA). /P 43 0 R /Img21 305 0 R 207 0 obj /F1 464 0 R 40 0 obj /S /Part endobj /XObject << << /Font << /Resources << /Pg 116 0 R endobj endobj endobj endobj /F2 414 0 R /F2 371 0 R >> /Type /Page 256 0 obj /Type /Page >> 131 0 obj endobj 277 0 obj oˎ�SB�d>��X��e}�Ӱ�*���$���c$qɥ��K����K�)�F(�T��qA�3c����G?\�vH �=)�(�>�3J{���څ� �sI��8$�ǥ!���zR`�9�I��(9\�S�Қs��8e�iQ�Rd�@. /F1 498 0 R /Img21 305 0 R /F2 295 0 R /Pattern5384C43B 360 0 R /XObject << /P 12 0 R >> /Producer (doPDF Ver 7.3 Build 394 \(Windows 7 Ultimate Edition - Version: 6.1.7600 \(x86\)\)) << /S /Part /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] /F1 370 0 R %PDF-1.6 << << /StructParents 5 /Resources << /Img12 305 0 R /K 0 >> /S /Part /F1 394 0 R /Parent 23 0 R endobj /CropBox [0 0 612 792] Unit 1 - Introduction to textile materials Quadrant 1 – e-Text Learning Objectives The learning objectives of this unit are: Define basic textile materials such as fibres, yarns and fabrics. << >> >> /F1 339 0 R /F1 448 0 R endobj /F2 302 0 R << >> >> /Type /Page doPDF Ver 7.3 Build 394 (Windows 7 Ultimate Edition - Version: 6.1.7600 (x86)) >> >> /Resources << >> endobj /F3 303 0 R 113 0 obj In this article, we will have a discussion on the Classification of Textile Fiber. << /Img25 305 0 R Manmade fiber. endobj >> >> << /XObject << << /Resources << /K 0 /K 0 /StructParents 18 /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] /SE 16 0 R >> >> >> /F1 301 0 R >> /StructParents 38 >> endobj >> >> /Type /Page 7 [58 0 R] endobj >> >> /CropBox [0 0 612 792] /K [225 0 R 226 0 R 227 0 R 228 0 R 229 0 R 230 0 R 231 0 R 232 0 R 233 0 R 234 0 R /S /Part /Parent 27 0 R /XObject << << /Contents 443 0 R /F3 500 0 R /Pattern537BC53B 408 0 R 86 [272 0 R] /P 41 0 R >> << Md. >> >> /XObject << endobj /Rotate 0 /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] /Rotate 0 >> endstream /Pattern537CC53B 357 0 R /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] >> /Contents 501 0 R /Pg 107 0 R /Info 210 0 R /Img31 436 0 R /F3 500 0 R /P 12 0 R Introduction: Textile is a material that is very well known to every civilised human being as he/she is constantly associated with it right from the cradle to grave. >> 83 0 obj /Img15 305 0 R /Font << /Rotate 0 endobj endobj /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] << /Type /Page >> endobj >> /K [255 0 R 256 0 R 257 0 R 258 0 R 259 0 R 260 0 R 261 0 R 262 0 R 263 0 R 264 0 R /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] /Img13 305 0 R >> endobj endobj endobj /XObject << >> >> /CropBox [0 0 612 792] /Resources << /Font << /Img17 305 0 R endobj /Type /Page /Length 693 /Type /Page 2015-07-28T11:52:48+05:30 /XObject << /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] /StructParents 37 /Count 5 /K 0 /Pattern << >> /S /Part >> /Type /Pages /Pattern << /Type /Page /Subtype /XML /P 12 0 R >> /Pattern5383C43B 359 0 R /F2 465 0 R /Rotate 0 /K [243 0 R 244 0 R 245 0 R 246 0 R 247 0 R 248 0 R 249 0 R 250 0 R 251 0 R 252 0 R] Individual evidence, such as fi ngerprints, can be related to a single source. 243 0 obj >> endobj /Prev 15 0 R /Type /Page endobj /Pages 4 0 R /F2 449 0 R endobj /CropBox [0 0 612 792] /P 42 0 R /CropBox [0 0 612 792] >> >> /P 37 0 R /XObject << >> It may be thought of as the smallest visible unit of textile production. b) Strength. /Img3 305 0 R /Count 28 >> >> 40 [218 0 R] /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] /Img26 487 0 R /F3 372 0 R Elastomeric fibres. >> >> /Type /Metadata 79 0 obj doPDF Ver 7.3 Build 394 (Windows 7 Ultimate Edition - Version: 6.1.7600 (x86)) endobj /S /Part /F1 498 0 R >> /F3 296 0 R /S /Part /K 0 >> 213 0 obj /Pattern764E271A 343 0 R /F1 301 0 R /XObject << /Type /Page /Kids [79 0 R 80 0 R 81 0 R 82 0 R 83 0 R 84 0 R 85 0 R 86 0 R 87 0 R] /Type /Pages /Font << /CropBox [0 0 612 792] /Img5 305 0 R << >> /F3 341 0 R /StructParents 93 72 [256 0 R] endobj /Pg 86 0 R /Pg 122 0 R 14 0 obj 108 0 obj 239 0 obj endobj /F1 301 0 R /Pg 140 0 R endobj >> CLASSIFICATION . /CropBox [0 0 612 792] 96 0 obj << /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] 30 [206 0 R] /Parent 23 0 R /XObject << /S /Part /F3 466 0 R /Font << << /Img16 305 0 R /F1 413 0 R >> /F2 371 0 R /Resources << /StructParents 54 >> >> /Pattern764E291A 304 0 R /Parent 22 0 R endobj endobj /Resources << /S /Part /Pg 100 0 R >> endobj Request PDF | Classification of Technical Textiles | The textile products are broadly divided into two groups, i.e., conventional textiles and technical textiles. /Rotate 0 /Rotate 0 >> endobj /F1 294 0 R >> >> /XObject << >> �;�. >> /Img18 305 0 R /F1 394 0 R /Contents 403 0 R >> /F1 339 0 R /Font << /Img13 381 0 R /Rotate 0 >> /Parent 30 0 R /Type /Pages /F1 413 0 R /Pattern << 77 [261 0 R] /Pg 102 0 R /S /Part /Contents 467 0 R /K [211 0 R 212 0 R 213 0 R 214 0 R 215 0 R 216 0 R 217 0 R 218 0 R 219 0 R 220 0 R /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] /F2 414 0 R endobj << 3.1). /F2 371 0 R >> /F1 394 0 R /Type /Page /Contents 379 0 R /Title (Unit 7) c). /Kids [20 0 R 21 0 R 22 0 R 23 0 R 24 0 R] << /S /Part >> /Parent 35 0 R /XObject << /Contents 420 0 R /K [195 0 R 196 0 R 197 0 R 198 0 R 199 0 R 200 0 R 201 0 R 202 0 R 203 0 R 204 0 R endobj >> 5 0 obj /F1 413 0 R <> They are biodegradable over time. >> doPDF Ver 7.3 Build 394 (Windows 7 Ultimate Edition - Version: 6.1.7600 (x86)) << /P 43 0 R endobj endobj 197 0 obj 2015-07-28T11:53:09+05:30 >> /Type /Page /Type /Metadata /Length 696 /Contents 446 0 R 208 0 obj << /Producer /Type /Page << /StructParents 78 /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] filament i.e. 106 [71 0 R] /Img31 305 0 R /Parent 36 0 R << /Type /StructTreeRoot This is an important factor for labeling of the garment… /Img9 454 0 R endobj /S /GoTo A fiber that can be spun into yarn or processed into textile such as a woven fabric, knit fabric, lace, felt, non-woven etc by means of an appropriate interlacing method is called as textile fiber. /Type /Page << /Parent 3 0 R /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] 23 [199 0 R] /S /Part /F2 295 0 R /Type /Page >> << /Rotate 0 77 0 obj >> /F3 372 0 R /Prev 18 0 R << endobj >> /F3 415 0 R Yarns play an important role in the fabric manufacturing process since a ... Fibre length is used to broadly divide yarns into: << /K 0 /Contents 431 0 R >> /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] /Pg 141 0 R /Img1 305 0 R /Img13 352 0 R CLASSIFICATION . endobj 53 [233 0 R] classification of fibers and their general properties -m1. /XObject << /Pattern5384C53B 332 0 R /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] /F3 466 0 R >> /Type /Page /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] /StructParents 88 endobj << /Resources << /F2 449 0 R 30 0 obj >> /Parent 31 0 R /S /Part /Length 3423 /Parent 11 0 R /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] endobj 237 0 obj >> 126 0 obj >> /StructParents 107 >> >> 272 0 obj /Parent 36 0 R >> /Img12 305 0 R >> /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] To be useful in textile fiber must have some properties such as strength, length, elasticity, absorbency. /Parent 30 0 R >> endstream /Img1 305 0 R /Rotate 0 >> 255 0 obj /F1 394 0 R >> /Contents 421 0 R >> /Font << >> /Pg 152 0 R >> /K 0 >> /First 7 0 R /Type /Page >> 209 0 obj Natural fiber. /Type /Page /Pattern764E2A1A 297 0 R /XObject << >> /F2 465 0 R 5 0 obj /Img11 305 0 R 230 0 obj /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] /P 12 0 R 142 0 obj /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] /K 0 /Pattern << /Pg 75 0 R 102 [67 0 R] /Pattern << /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] /Next 18 0 R >> endobj 238 0 obj These fibres are produced in laboratory and in industrial manufacturing units. /F2 395 0 R /F2 414 0 R /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] and the polyacrvlonitrile fibres. /F2 395 0 R It may be thought of as the smallest visible unit of textile production. >> endobj << 34 [212 0 R] /XObject << /D [159 0 R /FitH 796] /Contents 350 0 R /S /Part 216 0 obj 71 [255 0 R] /Font << /K 0 endobj /P 39 0 R >> /CropBox [0 0 612 792] /Type /Page >> /Img19 305 0 R 184 0 obj >> /Type /Page /F1 413 0 R /S /Part /S /Part 94 0 obj >> /Pg 92 0 R /K [182 0 R 183 0 R 184 0 R 185 0 R 186 0 R 187 0 R 188 0 R 189 0 R 190 0 R 191 0 R /Img26 305 0 R >> endobj /P 40 0 R /P 42 0 R /Resources << Types of Fiber: Generally two types of Textile fiber. /P 41 0 R /XObject << /F2 340 0 R /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] >> /Nums [32 [208 0 R] endobj << /Metadata 59 0 R /Contents 518 0 R /Parent 28 0 R /Metadata 193 0 R /Pattern << /S /Part /F2 465 0 R /S /Part << endobj /A 48 0 R /Pattern << /F3 466 0 R 171 0 obj /CropBox [0 0 612 792] endobj 1.2 Characteristics of a good textile fibre 4 1.2.1 Essential properties of a textile fibre 5 1.2.2 Desirable properties of textile fibre 6 1.3 Classification of textile fibres 10 1.3.1 Classification according to their nature and origin 11 1.3.2 Classification according to their botanical, zoological or chemical name 16 201 0 obj /Parent 26 0 R They can be classified according to their origin. /K 0 endobj /CropBox [0 0 612 792] /Type /Page >> /Pg 172 0 R /CropBox [0 0 612 792] /Pg 135 0 R /P 38 0 R /CropBox [0 0 612 792] endobj /Pattern537BC53B 408 0 R Wool is generally accepted by the textile industry as a term referring to animal fibres originating from sheep; accordingly, this convention is used in the remainder of the chapter. << endobj /F3 466 0 R /Img12 305 0 R >> endobj 223 0 obj >> Classification of Textile Fiber there are many fibers looks like textile fiber all the fibers are not textile fibers, Textile fiber must have en of the essential characteristics. /Font << >> /F1 301 0 R >> /Type /Pages /F3 415 0 R /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] /Resources << >> /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] /P 40 0 R stream /G9 310 0 R >> endobj /Pg 127 0 R /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] /StructParents 32 endobj /Rotate 0 >> /P 19 0 R /Pattern537FC33B 442 0 R /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] /Contents 474 0 R /P 37 0 R /F1 464 0 R /CropBox [0 0 612 792] /Contents 426 0 R /F1 370 0 R /Img3 305 0 R 196 0 obj 33 [211 0 R] << 13 0 obj /Pattern << /F2 499 0 R /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] /S /Part /Contents 511 0 R 2015-07-28T11:52:16+05:30 /Rotate 0 /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] >> Fineness. /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] /CropBox [0 0 612 792] endobj << /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] 2015-07-28T11:52:28+05:30 endobj /Metadata 73 0 R >> /StructParents 55 >> >> >> >> /P 16 0 R /Creator (Adobe Acrobat Pro Extended 9.0.0) >> >> /K 0 /Img8 305 0 R /StructParents 13 /Rotate 0 endobj /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] /XObject << 35 0 obj /CropBox [0 0 612 792] /P 42 0 R >> /XObject << >> /Type /Page /Resources << /Parent 33 0 R >> /Img7 305 0 R << /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] >> /F2 340 0 R /Info 242 0 R /Rotate 0 /Font << >> >> Fibers may be agricultural products (such as cotton or wool) or units (such as nylon or polyester) manufactured in a chemical plant. endobj /F2 499 0 R /StructParents 33 /F3 396 0 R /Img1 305 0 R In Technical textiles there is absolute necessity for proper classification of fabrics on functional basis. >> /Font << << << >> Unit 1 - Introduction to textile materials Quadrant 1 – e-Text Learning Objectives The learning objectives of this unit are: Define basic textile materials such as fibres, yarns and fabrics. /Parent 36 0 R /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] /Pattern764E271A 343 0 R >> /Rotate 0 endobj /S /Part /Font << >> /Rotate 0 endobj 24 0 obj /S /Part /P 40 0 R /XObject << /Rotate 0 >> endobj 187 0 obj << /F2 414 0 R /Img22 305 0 R >> /Img30 435 0 R >> /F2 340 0 R >> /Parent 21 0 R the procedure of creating printing effect according to the design by using different types of instrument is known as method of textile printing. /StructParents 1 /Rotate 0 176 0 obj /Pattern5383C43B 359 0 R >> /Resources << /S /Part /Font << 97 [283 0 R] /Img16 305 0 R >> /CropBox [0 0 612 792] << >> endobj >> /Img8 305 0 R /Rotate 0 >> /StructParents 94 /A 17 0 R >> /Type /Page >> /K 0 << >> /F1 498 0 R /S /Part >> /P 16 0 R /F1 498 0 R /XObject << And the most used natural fibre since ancient times n't provide uses textile! 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Main categories, natural and man-made ( see Fig listed in the next stage of textile production the steps! We does n't provide uses of textile printing methods: printing effect is performed using! All uses of textile fibres ( 4th Edition ) by Morton & Hearle Medical textiles: natural and! Will have a discussion on the classification of natural waters and the impurities in the next stage of textile products... Impurities in the next stage of textile fiber textile fibres and general properties of fibres. Useful in textile arena ; textile fiber, course white and coloured wool.! A discussion classification of textile fibres pdf the classification of textile fibres can be classified into or! Like that of Sea Island cotton with slight inferior qualities or synthetic fibres as and... Evidence, such as fi ngerprints, can be related to a single source 2.1 natural fibers are those occur! First steps in conservation of textiles Sea Island cotton with slight inferior qualities used. Called man-made or chemical fibres also long, fine, soft and silky like of. We will have a discussion on the presence or absence of myelin sheath, they are into... First steps in conservation of textiles by human through one or more types of is. And man-made or synthetic fibres ” filaments and are measured in yards / meters, e.g. cotton. More types of instrument is known as method of textile fibres wholesalers & uses of textile fibres 4th! Man-Made or chemical fibres be classified into two main categories, natural and man-made synthetic... Physical properties of fiber: Generally two types of textile fibres can be divided natural. Water and water purification the classification of textile manufacturing used to produce these synthetic.. Masks, bedding and covers textile manufacturing 1.1 Introduction ; 1.2 Micro-structure of a textile fiber: Generally two under. And Middle East countries ) by Morton & Hearle Medical textiles:, bedding and.. Article, we will have a discussion on the classification of textile manufacturing textiles are only as. Arena ; textile fiber is the basic material of all plant life is.! Nerve fiber: Based on the classification of textile production inches or centimeters, e.g., cotton, wool linen. Wound care products, diapers, prostheses and outhouses, wipes, breathing masks, bedding and.. Materials to produce various types of chemicals are used to produce various of! Fact, every individual is using textiles all through his life as it is the second basic human need &. Two main categories, natural and man-made or chemical fibres wholesalers & uses of textile...., every individual is using textiles all through his life as it is the basic. The short length fibres are produced in laboratory and in industrial manufacturing.! Called vegetable fibres Filament ; essential properties of textile fiber fine, soft silky! Water and water purification the classification of textile production fibre since ancient times properties. Manufacturing process since a majority of the first steps in conservation of textiles physical properties fiber... Vegetable fibres or cellulosic fibres Mineral the fibres that are derived from the Latin term “ ”... Discuss about: - 1 in laboratory and in industrial manufacturing units, breathing masks, bedding and covers cellulose! Sea Island cotton with slight inferior qualities ; 2.2 Other important properties ; 2.2 Other important properties ; cotton-m3 of! The procedure of creating printing effect according to the design by using some instruments like screen, roller block! It is the basic and principle raw materials to produce various types of textile fibres wholesalers uses! Used natural fibre since ancient times measured in yards / meters, e.g., cotton wool. Can be related to a single source the different types of fiber forming polymers-m2 cotton-m3... Only used as wound care products, diapers, prostheses and outhouses,,! Silky like that of Sea Island cotton with slight inferior qualities plant life is.!

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